Critical reflection of design thinking and placemaking for resilient communities by urban designers.
The ability of a system to experience internally and externally generated shocks and perturbations but still adjust to the changes that result.
As a set of social goals, has a place. An ideal norm that optimizes plans and actions in three dimensional conceptual: society, environment, economy.
Used as a broad and inclusive term, comprising architects, landscape architects, urban and regional planners, civil engineer, the community, and policymakers as urban actors who collectively construct the city and its surrounding regions.